This draft document elaborates the general application process to US research universities. For a more detailed understanding of the process, the candidates should research the application criteria on the particular University websites. These draft guidelines are prepared voluntarily to aid the aspirational guidelines of Higher Education Commission as contained in the HEC Vision 25, Section D and are primarily focused on the Pakistani scholars interested in applying to US PhD programs or Postdoc research projects.
Applications to Doctoral Programs:
Most US universities require certain general qualifications that apply to all Doctoral candidates regardless of their discipline of study. Please bear the following in mind before applying:
- Most US universities only consider PhD application for the fall admissions (Starting in August or September).
- The application deadlines are usually in December or January: For example, if you are applying for admission for Fall 2019, your application deadline could be either Dec 31, 2018 or January 31, 2019.
- US universities very rarely admit doctoral students in the Spring semester.
- The reason for this schedule is connected to funding. The Universities decide their graduate funding once a year, and thus all funding is made available for the fall semester as the beginning semester of the academic year.
- Admission to a good US university, therefore, is almost a one year process.
The admission at all universities is a three-tier process and you will be dealing with three entities on any US university campus: The Office of International Studies; The office of Graduate Studies/ Admissions, and the College or department to which you are applying.
First Stage (Required by the International Office/ Graduate Admissions Office to Move your application to the College/ Department
- An Official TOEFL score (Unless you have masters from an English-Speaking Country (Pakistan does not qualify for this).
- Transcripts of all your previous work
- A GRE/ GMAT Score depending on your area of study.
- A statement of Purpose (Usually up to 700 words)
Second Stage: College/ Departmental Requirements
- Three letters of recommendation
- A Writing/ Research sample
Final Stage: (After Admission has been granted)
The Office of International Studies will ask you to provide proof of Payment ability. Usually a bank statement or a letter stating that you have a scholarship. [Note: Ability to pay is not considered in making a decision about your admission; that is why you are asked for finances only after you have been admitted]
Issuance of I-20 Student Visa Form.
Transition to US:
Here are some of the important steps:
- Accommodation: if the institution provides graduate housing, immediately apply for it through their online request forms.
- If you cannot get University accommodation, contact the International Office to suggest any off- campus accommodation. Reach out to Pakistani/ South Asian Student associations on campus to see if they can help you find a place to live.
- Arrange with the International office to see if they will arrange picking you up at the airport; most universities will make this arrangement.
- Get in touch with the Grad advisor in your future program to seek guidance about registering for classes etc.
- Bring all your credentials in original to the US.
The US universities do not charge a bench fee for post-docs. The post-doc students come under the J1 visa program. In order to get the visa, you may follow the following steps:
- Contact a specific faculty member who works in the area of your interest.
- Send them a query email, clearly stating your research interests and ask if they would be willing to work with you as a mentor.
- If they agree, then send them your research proposal.
- It takes only a few days for a faculty member to fill the necessary forms and refer you to the Office of International Studies.
- The office of International Studies will gather more of your information including your ability to bear the cost of your stay [usually calculated based on cost of living statistics of the state]
- After you have proved the ability to sustain your stay, they will issue you a J-1 visa.
- As a J-1 scholar, you can also work on campus for up to 30 hours per week.
- Your spouse can also accompany you on a J-2 visa if you can prove your ability to pay the cost of his or her stay.
- You will also need the proof a health insurance plan that meets the J1 Visa stipulations.