ISIS: Ideology, Symbolics and Counter Narratives. Routledge, 2019..
Relying on a thorough understanding of the role of ideology, discourse, and framing, this volume discusses ISIS as an Islamist ideological organization, and examines its philosophical scaffolding within the material conditions produced by neoliberal capital. As Raja asserts, it is this nexus of specifically retrieved Islamic history and the current global economic system that creates the kind of social identity ideally suited for ISIS. The combination of the historical narratives and the contemporary means of communication enables ISIS to frame and spread its message, recruit its adherents, and replicate itself.
While many scholarly and journalistic works on ISIS provide a wealth of information, not many elaborate on the terms that are often invoked in these writings. For example, scholars often use the term “Salafi-Jihadi” but they do not provide a comprehensive explanation of such concept within the same text. This book not only provides an explanation of the instructive terms used to explain the ISIS phenomenon, but also asserts that only one school of thought in Islam [The Sunni Wahabis] is likely to be the ideal target for ISIS recruitment. This claim, of course, does not rely on an essentialized pathology of Wahabi Sunnis, but provides an explanation of the Wahabi Islam as a proverbial “slippery slope,” as an absolutely necessary first step for an individual’s transformation into an ISIS fighter.
Written in a clear and direct style, this volume provides scholars and lay readers alike with a deeper understanding of ISIS and its strategies of recruitment and self sustenance.
The Religious Right and the Talibanization of America.Palgrave, 2016.
This highly original book suggests that the practices of Taliban and the American far right, two very significant and poorly understood groups, share common features. This commonality can be found in the philosophical basis of their ideological beliefs, in their comparative worldviews, and in their political practices.
(Co-edited with Hillary Stringer and Zach VandeZande). Palgrave-Macmillan, 2013.
“This brilliant collection of essays not only breathes new life into the field of critical pedagogy, but leaves this reader wanting more.” -David Gabbard, Bilingual Education Department, Boise State University, USA.
Constructing Pakistan: Foundational Texts and the Rise of Muslim National Identity 1857-1947. Oxford University Press, 2010.
Constructing Pakistan analyzes the last 150 years of Muslim nationalism, from its beginning in India’s Sepoy rebellion in 1857, when British colonialization was consolidated to the detriment of Muslim populations, to the founding of Pakistan. Dr. Raja contends that a survivalist ethic in religion, politics, and culture means that the current politics of Pakistan has its genealogical core in anti-colonial resistance. This is a very important intervention in the current political juncture, not only because it traces a history of secular features of Islamic societies but also because of the very breadth of cultural forms, where literary practices and theories end up feeding political and material realities and visa versa. (Robin Goodman)
The Postnational Fantasy: Nationalism, Cosmopolitics and Science Fiction. (Co-edited with Jason W. Ellis and Swaralipi Nandi). McFarland Press, 2011.
In twelve critical and interdisciplinary essays, this text examines the relationship between the fantastic in novels, movies and video games and real-world debates about nationalism, globalization and cosmopolitanism. Topics covered include science fiction and postcolonialism, issues of ethnicity, nation and transnational discourse. Altogether, these essays chart a new discursive space, where postcolonial theory and science fiction and fantasy studies work cooperatively to expand our understanding of the fantastic, while simultaneously expanding the scope of postcolonial discussions.
Once Upon a Country, (Novel), Trafford, 2002.
The Eastern Breeze, (Poems), Appledot Publishers, Pakistan, 1999.